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吳福象等: 解碼中國OFDI: 歷史軌跡、發展潛力與布局優化

發布時間: 2021-06-28

         改革開放以來,隨著OFDI不斷創新發展,中國已成為足以影響世界投資趨向的資本輸出大國,打破了由發達國家主導的GVC分工格局。近年來,貿易保護主義興起、新冠疫情全面爆發等對GVC分工體系產生巨大沖擊,大國之間政治經濟博弈愈演愈烈,依托OFDI在全球范圍內的布局優化以提高中國國際競爭力似乎大有可為。在此背景下,如何基于國內龐大內需,把握高質量發展階段對外投資的工作主線,使對外投資成為構建國內國際雙循環新發展格局的先鋒隊和主力軍,是新時代發展的重要命題。本文從歷史維度和空間維度梳理和剖析中國OFDI演變軌跡和發展潛力,結果表明:

         shouxian,zhongguoofdidefazhanguochengyeshishichangjingjitizhigaige、quanfangweiduiwaikaifanghegonggeicejiegouxinggaigedezhongyaotixian。1978niangaigekaifangjibenguocedequeli,weizhongguoqiye“zouchuqu”tigongzhidubaozhenghezhengcejichu。cishi,guominjingjifazhanshuipingjiaodi,cunzaiwaihuihechuxu“shuangquekou”、quefawanshandefalvzhidudengwenti,daozhiofdiguimoyouxian;1992nianshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidejianli,shidezhongguoofdijianjushichangjingjihejihuajingjishuangzhongtezheng。youyuguoneijingjiguore、zijinkuifadengwenti,qiye“zouchuqu”bufabeipofanghuan;2002nian“zouchuqu”zhanlvediweidetuxian,cushiduiwaitouzishenpichengxujianhua。bingqie,suizhushichangjingjitizhigaigeshenrutuijin,guominjingjiheshengchannenglideyixianzhutisheng,zhutuizhongguoofdixunmengfazhan;2015niangonggeicejiegouxinggaigedetichuheluoshi,tuidongzhongguoofdijinrulixingdiaozhengqi,tizhizengxiaochengweigaozhiliangfazhanjieduanduiwaitouzidezhongdiangongzuo。

         qici,fadajingjitihe“yidaiyilu”yanxianduizhongguoqiyedoujuyoutianrandexiyinli,zhongguoofdihuanyuanweidadaoyingyouguimo。benwentongguoyinrutouziyinlihetouziqianli,kaochaxianjieduanzhongguoduibutongjingjitizhijietouzishuipingyijiweilaitouzihezuokongjian。jieguofaxian,jinguanbutongjingjitiduizhongguoqiyecunzaijiaoqiangxiyinli,danyouyutouzijiegoubuheli,zhongguodeshijitouzishuipingyu“ziran”zhuangtaixiadetouzishuipinghuancunzaijiaodachaju。jutieryan,zhongguoduimeiguo、lusenbao、zhongguoxianggangdengjingjitichuxian“touziguodu”xianxiang,duiri、han、bingdao、fenlandengfadajingjitihedabufen“yidaiyilu”yanxianchuxian“touzibuzu”xianxiang。

         zuihou,zaibingchichayihuayoushiheguimojingjiyuanzedejichushang,jieheguoneipangdaneixuhechanyejichujinxingduiwaitouzibujuyouhua。yifangmianyaoyituochuantonggvc,jixujiaqiangduimeiourihandengfadajingjitijishuxunqiuxingtouzihechuangxinhezuo;lingyifangmianyaoyituo“yidaiyilu”,kuodaduiyanxianguojia(diqu)duoyuanhuazhanlvemubiaodetouzi,bingjiadajishushuchuhejichusheshishuchu。tongguoyindao“zouchuqu”qiyezaiquanqiufanweineidebujuyouhua,shixianyi“neixunhuan”zhicheng“waixunhuan”、yi“waixunhuan”daidong“neixunhuan”dexinfazhangeju。


yuanwenfabiaoyu《jingjixuejia》2021niandi4qi

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