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楊德才: 破難前行,讓民企“活得更好”

發布時間: 2019-06-15

       jiuyeshiminshengzhiben,gengshianguozhice。dangqian,zuohao“liuwen”gongzuo、luoshi“liubao”renwu,jishijingjishehuigongzuodezhongdian,youshijingjizengchangyufazhandezhongyaozhuashou。“liuwen”zhishoushiwenjiuye,“liubao”zhishoushibaojuminjiuye。shixianwenjiuye、baojiuye,guanjianluojiaoyuyouzugouduodeshichangzhutichuangzaochuzugouduodejiuyejihui。likeqiangzonglizaijinnianzhengfugongzuobaogaozhongmingquetichu“liudeqingshan,yingdeweilai”,zhelide“qingshan”zhidejiushishichangzhuti。muqian,woguoshichangzhutiyou1yiduohu,minyingqiyezhanqizhong90%yishang,erzhongxiaoweiqiyeyouzhandayue90%,yezuiyishoudaojingjibodongdailaidechongji。suoyi,wenjiuye、baojiuye,jiushiyao“liuzhuqingshan”、baoshichangzhuti,jiushiyaoponanqianxing、wenzhuzhongxiaoweiqiye,rangminqi“huodegenghao”,baominyingjingjiwendingfazhan。


市場和轉型: 當前制約民營企業發展的兩大難題

       shichangwentizhijieguanxizhudangqianminyingqiyedeshengsicunwang。zhezhuyaobiaoxianweisigefangmian: yishishichangxuqiubuzudeyueshu。xinguanfeiyanyiqingfashenghou,youxiexingyerucanyin、binguan、yuledengwanquantingbai,huanyouyixiexingyerujiaotong、wuliudengjiannanfusu,huanyouzhuduoshengchanxingxingyeshengchanchulaideshangpinzaishichangshangnanyimaichu,shichangxuqiubuzuyanzhongyueshuzhuxiangguanxingyeneiqiyedefugongfuchan。ershidingdanbuzudeyueshu。woguoxuduominyingqiyeshiyichanpinchukouweizhudewaixiangxingqiye,xinguanfeiyanyiqingdefashengjiqizaiquanshijiedemanyan,shidechuantongdechukoushichang、gudingkehuyuyewudingdandengshoudaochongji,yeyixingchengdechanyelian、gongyingliandoufashenglezhongdabianhua,zhexiewaixiangxingchukouqiyeshunjianzaoyudaoguojishichangdingdanbuzudeyanzhongyueshu。sanshiliudongxingbuzuyueshu。yiqingdechongjiyijifugongfuchandeyanchiyubuzu,zhishixuduoqiyexianjinliuyalijuda,canyin、binguan、yuledengchuantongfuwuyegengweituchu。liudongxingbuzu,bujinzhijieyingxiangdaoqiyedezhengchangyunzhuanheshengcun,erqieyeyanzhongzhiyueleqiyedezhuijiatouziyukuodashengchan。changtaihuayiqingfangkongxia,yixiexingyedenanyifusu,jiangchixujiajumouxiexingyedeqiyeliudongxingbuzuyali。sishishengchanchengbenshangshengyueshu。zhezhuyaobiaoxianweiyiqingfanghuchengben、yuancailiaochengben、laodonglichengbendengdequanmianshangsheng,chengbenshangshengjiashangshichangxuqiubuzu,bujinshiqiyefugongfuchanbiandegengjiakunnan,yebuduanyasuoqiyedelirunkongjian,yingxiangqiyedezhengchangshengchanyufazhan。

       zhuanxingshengjishiminyingjingjizouxianggaozhiliangfazhandebiyouzhilu。raner,xianshizhongdeyixieminyingqiyequeshizhongmianlinzhu“buganzhuan”、“bunengzhuan”he“buhaozhuan”dewenti。yishishichangfengxianda、cunhuolvdi,yixieminyingqiyebuganzhuanxing。dangqianjingjixingshifuzaduobian,mianduigeleidiejiayali,chushaoshutoubuqiyewai,duoshuminyingqiyekangfengxiannengliruo,qiyejiaguanxin“huoxiaqu”gengshengyu“huodehao”。genjuduijiangsu、zhejiangdediaoyan,jinbanshoufangqiyerenwei“shichangfengxianda”shiqiyezhuanxingshengjidezuida“lanluhu”,errenwei“qiyejiazishennanyishiying”jinzhan9.2%,shuomingqiyejiaxinxinyousuotisheng,dan“xiaoshanban”shouxiankaolvdeshi“shengsixian”。ershiquezijin、querencai,chuangxinmenjiangao,yixieminyingqiyebunengzhuanxing。muqianwoguominyingqiye75%yishangdechuangxinjingfeilaiziqiyeziyouzijin,youyushichangjingzhengjilie,lirunkongjianxiao,qiyeyanfatourupubiandiyuzhanxiaoshoushouru5%deguojiguanli。tongshi,zhishichanquantebieshiyuanshichuangxinhefamingzhuanli,fangmaoqinquanpinfa,weiquanshijuzhengnan、peichangdi、zhouqichang,changchangshi“yingleguansi、shuleshichang”。ciwai,youyuyouxieminyingqiyeguanlizhemangyuyingfugeleiyanqianweiji,hushirencaichubeihepeiyang,daozhiqiyechuangxinrencaikuifa,yechengweizhiyuezhuanxingshengjidezhongyaoyinsu。sanshi“sanmen”xianxiangrengcunzai,yixieminyingqiyebuhaozhuanxing。congzhengcewenjianshangkan,guoqiheminqijiandechabiehuadaiyuyuelaiyueshao,danshijianzhong,yixiedifangbolimen、xuanzhuanmen、danhuangmenxianxiangyirancunzai。tongshi,zhengcepeitaoxizeyebugouwanshan,tebieshiyixieqianshedaoduobumen、duohuanjiedezhengce,wangwangnanyiluoshidaowei。


yiqingfangkongchangtaihuaxiahuifushichangzhutishengji

      xinguanfeiyanyiqingquanqiuliuxingshidequanqiujingjibuquedingxingjinyibujiaju,guoneiwaijingjixingshizhengzaifashenggenbenxingbianhua,zhejibiaoxianzaigonggeice,yetixianzaixuqiuce。congmuqianqingkuanglaikan,zaiduanshijiannei,yiqingjiqiyingxiangjibukenenglijiguoqu,yebukenengxunsuxiaochu。yinci,congwenshichangzhutidejiaodulaiyanjiuyiqingfangkongchangtaihuaxiademinyingjingjifazhanwenti,jiuxiandeyouweipoqie。

      jinkuaihuifushichangzhixuyushichangfanrong。shichangshiqiyedehuolizhiyuan。zhiyoushichanghuoyueqilai,qiyedechanpincainengxiaoshouchuqu,canyin、binguan、yuledengcaihuiyouxiaofei。chuleyaozhongshiyouxingshichang(rumuqianzhengzaifangkaideditanjingjideng)dehuifuyufazhan,gengyaozhongshiwuxingshichang(wangshangshichang)dekaifayufazhan,qianfangbaijihuifushichang、kuodashichang、cujinxiaofei。

      qieshijiangdiqiyedeshengchanchengben。yiqingsuozaochengdefeichangshiqi,zhuqizhengcejiyaomingxianjiangdishuidianmeiqiyoudengshengchanyaosujiage,gengyaojiangdishuishou、shebaojiaofeiyijiqitasheqishoufeidengzhiduxingjiaoyichengben,yaorangshichangzhutizhenshiganshoudaoshengchanchengbendexiajiang。

      jiejuezhongxiaoweiqiyedeliudongxingyueshuwenti。zhongxiaoweiqiyedecunhuoshiyishunchangdexianjinliuweiqiantide,liudongxingbuzuyichengweizhongxiaoweiqiyesiwanghuonanyiweijidediyiyinsu。weici,zhengfubumen、jinrongjigoubixutongguozhiduchuangxinlaijiejueqiyedeliudongxingbuzuwenti,keyicaiquzhurufangkuanzhongxiaoweiqiyedaikuantiaojian、zantinghuanbenfuxi、zengjiatiexidaikuan、zengjiazhengfugoumai(huodingdan)dengcuoshi。

       gulibingyindaowaixiangxingqiyekaifaguoneishichang。yiqingchongjixia,waixiangxingqiyezainulikaifaguojishichangdetongshi,xuyanjiukaifaguoneishichang,yitidaiduiguojishichangdeyilai。zhengruxijinpingzongshuji5yue23rizaikanwangcanjiazhengxiehuiyidejingjijieweiyuanshisuozhichu: “yaobamanzuguoneixuqiuzuoweifazhandechufadianheluojiaodian,jiakuaigoujianwanzhengdeneixutixi,……zhubuxingchengyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju。”


zaiwenzhongqiujinzhongyingzaozhuanxingshengjilianghaohuanjing

       zaiwenzhuzhongxiaoweiqiye、baozhushichangzhutidetongshi,huanyaozhongshijiejueminyingqiyezaizhuanxingshengjizhongyudaodewenti,caiqufuyouliduhezhenduixingdecuoshi,rangminqi“huodegenghao”。

       wanshanchuangxinshengtai,neiwaishuangxiangjuli,guliminyingqiyezhuanxingshengji。tongguozhiduchuangxin,zengqiangduichuangxinrencaideshengtaixiyinli,jiadachuangxinrencaidehuijijizhijianshe。chutaigulizhengce,yifangmian,zaigerensuodeshuijianmian、“wuxianyijin”jiaocundengfangmianjiangdiqiyeyongrenchengbenfudan;lingyifangmian,wanshanjishuchuangxincaizhengshuishoubutie、jianmiancuoshi,jifaqiyechuangxinhuoliyudongli。jiadazhishichanquanbaohuxietongzhilijizhijianshe,shishibaohuqudongchuangxinzhanlve,zhongsuzhishichanquanyunyingguannian,kejiejianzhongkeyuan“zhuanlipuhuijihua”,zhengfuzhudaodazaokaifanggongxiangjiaoyipingtai,shixiancongfeifaqinquan、zhongfuqinquanxiangshichangliangxingjiaoyi、youchanggongxiangzhuanbian。shenhuayiqiyeweizhutidejishuchuangxintixi,zhichixingyelongtouminyingqiyecanyujiansheyipiguojiazhongdianshiyanshi、guojiazhizaoyechuangxinzhongxindenggaoduanchuangxinpingtai,yindaozhongxiaominyingqiyeweiraochanyelianchuangxinjianliduocengcidechuangxintixi,ruchanxueyanchuangxinpingtaizhugongqianzhanxingjishuyanfa、laomochuangxingongzuoshidengzhugonggeleijigainanti,tuidongminyingqiyecongmofangchuangxin、lianhechuangxin,zhubuguodudaolianhechuangxin、yuantouchuangxin。

       jinyibupochutizhixingzhangai,zaicujinzhengceluodishangjialitixiao。minyingqiyezhuanxingshengji,zuizhongyaodeshiyaoyougongpinggongzhengdejingzhenghuanjing。yaoxingchenggongpingdeyaosupeizhifangshi,zengjiazhongxiaominyingqiyegongpingjingzhenghuoquyaosuziyuandejihui;yaojixuyouhuayingshanghuanjing,zaiqiyezhuce、jingyinglingyu、jingyingfangshiyijituichujizhidengfangmiansuoyoushichangzhutixiangyoutongdengdaiyu,qieshijiangdizhiduxingjiaoyichengben、goujianqinqingxinxingzhengshangguanxi;yaotigaozhengcezhidingshuiping,tebieshizhiding“shisiwu”guihuashi,sheqizhengceyaochongfenlejieqiyeshijixuqiu,fahuiminyingqiyeyanjiuyuan(suo)zhongxingyezhuanjiazuoyong,tigaowenjianzhiliang,jiaqiangzhengcexuanchuanlidu;yaojiaqiangzhengcedezhixinglidu,jingjianzhengceduixianchengxu,bimiancengcengjiama,jiakuaizhengceduixiansudu,ranghaozhengcebudazhekoudikuaisuluodi。



laiyuan: 《qunzhong》2020niandi11qi