yabo官网

洪銀興:改革發展的偉大實踐推動中國經濟學的創新和發展

發布時間: 2021-04-15

        zhongguozaijiaoduandeshijianneiyiyuechengweishijiedierdajingjiti,youqishizaixinguanfeiyanyiqingsinvequanqiushi,zhongguobujinyouxiaokongzhileyiqing,erqieshiweiyishixianzhengzengchangdezhuyaojingjiti。zhongguojingjifazhandechenggongkanchengqiji,weizhongguojingjixuefazhantigonglefenghoudeshijianturang。zhongguojingjixuezhigenyuzhongguodadi,juyouxianmingdezhongguotese,gaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshedefengfushijianshiqiyanjiuhefazhande“fukuang”,qililunchuangxinchengguoxiezaizhongguodedadishang。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhengzhijingjixuedezuixinchengguo,zaifazhanjieduanlilun、jingjizhidulilun、jingjifazhanlilunhejingjiyunxinglilundengfangmiandouqudeletupoxingjinzhan,duimakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuezuochuleduchuangxinggongxian,shizhongguojingjifazhandegenbenzhidaosixianghezhongguojingjixuedebaoguicaifu。

        發展階段理論的重大進展

        zhidaojingjifazhandejingjililundoushijiyusuochushidaihefazhanjieduantezhengtichude,fazhanjieduanlilunshigoujianzhongguojingjixuedechufadian。zhunquepanduansuochudefazhanjieduanjisuochujieduandeshehuizhuyaomaodun,cainengchanshengzhidaojingjigaigehefazhandejingjixuelilunjixiangyingzhengce。

zai“fuqilai”deshidai,dengxiaopinglilunzhichuwoguosuochudejieduanshishehuizhuyichujijieduan,zheyikexuepanduanyinlinglezhongguodegaigehefazhan。shehuizhuyichujijieduanshiwoguozaishengchanliluohou、shangpinjingjibufadatiaojianxiajiansheshehuizhuyibiranyaojinglidetedingjieduan。dangdeshiyijieliuzhongquanhuizhichu,woguosuoyaojiejuedezhuyaomaodun,shirenminriyizengchangdewuzhiwenhuaxuyaotongluohoudeshehuishengchanzhijiandemaodun。zaicijichushang,womendangduishehuizhuyichujijieduandegenbenrenwutichulesangefangmiandezhongyaopanduan: yishimingqueshehuizhuyidebenzhishijiefanghefazhanshengchanli;ershitichu“fazhancaishiyingdaoli”dekexuelunduan;sanshiyaoqiuzaijianchishehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidudeqiantixiacaiqugezhongyouliyushengchanlifazhandefangshi。jiyuduifazhanjieduandekexuepanduantichudejingjixuesixiang,tuidongshichanghuaquxiangdegaigequdetupoxingjinzhan,woguojingjishixianle30duoniannianjunjin10%degaosuzengchang。

        buruxinshidai,woguogaobiedishourujieduan,wenjuzhongdengpianshangshouruguojiaxinglie。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangmingquetichulejinruxinfazhanjieduandekexuepanduan。xinfazhanjieduanlilunbujinmingquelewoguofazhansuochudexindelishifangwei,yemingquelexinfazhanjieduandeshehuizhuyaomaodunyijingzhuanhuaweirenminriyizengchangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohebupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijiandemaodun。xinfazhanjieduandepanduanmeiyougaibianwoguorengranchuyubingjiangchangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduandepanduan,danshibiaomingwoguojinrulexinjieduan,xuyaojiejuexinjieduandexinmaodun。zaifazhanjieduanwentishang,xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangdezhuyaochuangjianyou: yishiduishehuizhuyaomaodunsuofanyingdefazhanhexuyaolianggefangmianderenshidouyoutisheng。zairenminxuyaofangmian,renminmeihaoshenghuoxuyaoriyiguangfan,bujinduiwuzhiwenhuashenghuotichulegenggaoyaoqiu,erqiezaiminzhu、fazhi、gongping、zhengyi、anquan、huanjingdengfangmiandeyaoqiuriyizengchang。zaifazhanfangmian,shehuishengchanlishuipingzongtishangxianzhutigao,shehuishengchannenglizaihenduofangmianjinrushijieqianlie。zheshijingjililunheshijianfazhandexinlishiqidian。ershigenjuyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,xinfazhanjieduandefazhanmubiaoshimanzurenminriyizengchangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyao,tuchujiejuebunengchongfenmanzurenminmeihaoshenghuoxuyaodefazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwenti。sanshizaixinfazhanjieduanbujinyaoqiujiandingbuyijianchifazhanshiyingdaoli,tongshiyaoqiujianchikexuefazhan,guanchexinfazhanlinian,jiadajiegouxinggaigelidu,fazhandezhulidianshitigaofazhanzhilianghexiaoyi,shixiangenggaozhiliang、gengyouxiaolv、gengjiagongping、gengkechixudefazhan。zheshixinfazhanjieduanshixiangaozhiliangfazhandeyaoqiu。

        經濟制度理論的重大進展

        jingjizhiduyanjiuhefenxishizhongguojingjixuedehexinneirong。weiraogaigehewanshanjibenjingjizhidusuotuijindegaigeshizhongguojingjixuefazhandezhongyaoyuanquan。

        zaigaigekaifangjinchengzhong,womendangmingquetichugongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhanshiwoguoshehuizhuyichujijieduandejibenjingjizhidu。youcituidongdezhongguojingjixuelilunjinzhantuchubiaoxianzaisangefangmian: yishiyishiheshehuizhuyichujijieduandeduozhongsuoyouzhixingshidiaodongyiqiefazhanshengchanlideziyuanhehuoli;ershigongyouzhijingjibujinbaokuoguoyoujingjihejitijingji,huanbaokuohunhesuoyouzhizhongdeguoyouchengfenhejitichengfen,gongyouzhiweizhutiqiangdiaodeshigongyouzichanzaishehuizongzichanzhongzhanyoushi,guoyoujingjikongzhiguominjingjimingmo,duijingjifazhanqizhudaozuoyong;sanshigongyouzhiyouduozhongshixianxingshi,gufenzhishigongyouzhidezhuyaoshixianxingshi,bingyoucitichuguoyouziben、jitizibenhefeigongyouzibendengjiaochachigu、xianghuronghedehunhesuoyouzhijingjidegainian。

        jinruxinshidai,suizhuquanmianshenhuagaigedetuijin,xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangduijibenjingjizhidulilundechuangxintuchutixianzailianggefangmian。

        bagongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhan,anlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcunheshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidengyiqichengweishehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu。zheshicongshengchan、fenpeihejiaohuansangeweidugouchengdeshehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu;shuomingshehuidejibenjingjizhidujiushigaishehuideshengchanguanxidezonghe。zhegejibenjingjizhidudemeigefangmianjiyoucujinshengchanlifazhandezhiduyoushi,youyoufuheshehuizhuyiyaoqiudezhiduyoushi,xuyaochangqijianchihewanshan。

        bazhiduyoushizhuanhuaweizhiliyoushichengweijinyibuwanshanjibenjingjizhidudezhuyaorenwu,zhuyaoshejijibenjingjizhidushixianxingshideliluntupo。diyi,zaisuoyouzhifangmianyoulianggezhongyaotupo: yigetuposhimingquehunhesuoyouzhishijibenjingjizhidudezhongyaoshixianxingshi,mingqueduozhongsuoyouzhijingjikeyizaitongyigeqiyeneigongtongfazhan,weigeleiqiyezengqianghuoli、zuodazuoqiangzuoyoutigongzibendonglihejizhitiaojian。lingyigetuposhishenrudaochanquancengmian,shejiyixiandaichanquanzhiduweihexinjianlixiandaiqiyezhidu;yichanquanliuzhuanzuodazuoqiangzuoyouguoyouzibenheminyingziben;guoziguanlizhuanxiangguanzibenweizhu;nongdizhidushixingsuoyouquan、chengbaoquanhejingyingquandesanquanfenzhideng。dier,zaifenpeizhidufangmian,zhuyaoshiwanshangezhongshengchanyaosucanyushourufenpeidejizhi。birushichangpingjiagongxian,gongxianjuedingbaochou;tongguotudi、zibendengyaosushiyongquan、shouyiquanzengjiazhongdishouruquntiyaosushouru,duoqudaozengjiachengxiangjumincaichanxingshouruyisuoxiaoshouruchajudeng。disan,zaizhengfuheshichangdeguanxifangmian,mingquetichushishichangzaiziyuanpeizhizhongqijuedingxingzuoyong、genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong,xingchengyouweizhengfuheyouxiaoshichangdeheli。jiyuyishangliluntupo,wanshanchanquanzhiduheyaosushichanghuapeizhichengweijingjilingyushenhuagaigedelianggezhongdian。

        經濟發展理論的重大進展

        gaigekaifangchuqigengweizhongshitongguogaigelaijiefangshengchanli,yikaogaigejifaqiyehuoliheyaosutouru,zaizengchangshangtuchu“kuai”zi。zhenduikuaisufazhanbanshengdehuanjingwuran、shouruchajuguoda、diquhebumenzhijianfazhanbupinghengdengwenti,dangzhongyangjishitichushixinglianggegenbenxingzhuanbiandeyaoqiu,jicongjihuajingjitizhixiangshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhizhuanbian,jingjizengchangfangshicongcufangxingxiangjiyuexingzhuanbian。cihouyoutichukexuefazhanguan,qiangdiaoyirenweiben,quanmian、xiediao、kechixufazhan。zhexiedoushijingjifazhanlilunchuangxindezhongdachengguo。

        jinruxinshidai,zhichizhongguojingji30duoniangaosuzengchangdemoshiyibukechixu,zhuanxiangzhonggaosuzengchangshibiranqushi。zaicibeijingxia,xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangtichulechuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdexinfazhanlinian。xinfazhanlinianmingqueleyougaosuzengchangzhuanxianggaozhiliangfazhandehexinneirong,tuidonglejingjifazhanlilundechuangxin。diyi,chuangxinshigaozhiliangfazhandediyidongli。zuoweiqudonglidechuangxinbaohanduofangmian,qihexinshikejichuangxin,yijikejichuangxinyuchanyechuangxinronghe。dier,xiediaoshijingjichixujiankangfazhandeneizaiyaoqiu。xiediaojishifazhanshouduanyoushifazhanmubiao,tongshihuanshipingjiafazhandebiaozhunhechidu。disan,lvseshigaozhiliangfazhandeneizaiyaoqiu。renyuziranhexiegongshengshishengtaiwenmingshidairenminduimeihaoshenghuodezhuiqiu。baohushengtaihuanjingjiushibaohushengchanli、gaishanshengtaihuanjingjiushifazhanshengchanli。disi,kaifangshineiwailiandongfazhandejizhi。duiwaikaifangbujinshiliyongguojiguoneilianggeziyuan、lianggeshichang,huanyaozhuyantuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti,zaigengdafanwei、gengkuanlingyu、gengshencengcishangtigaokaifangxingjingjishuiping。diwu,gongxiangshishehuizhuyideneizaiyaoqiu。quanmingongxiangshimubiao,quanmiangongxiangshineirong,gongjiangongxiangshijichu,jianjingongxiangshitujing。guanchexinfazhanlinian,zhuanxianggaozhiliangfazhan,qiangdiaodeshijingjixiaoyi、shehuixiaoyiheshengtaixiaoyidetongyi,tixiandeshirenyujingjishehui、ziranxiangxiediaodebaorongxingzengchang。

        baituopinkunheshixianxiandaihuashifazhanzhongguojiafazhandezhuti。zhongguotongguoshishituopingongjianzhan,dao2020nianxianxingbiaozhunxia9899wannongcunpinkunrenkouquanbutuopin,chuangzaolezaifazhanzhongdaguoxiaochujueduipinkunderenjianqiji。zaiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidejichushang,zhongguozhengzaikaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiadexinzhengcheng。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangduixiandaihualiluntichuyixiliechuangxinsixiang,biruweilai30nianfenlianggejieduantuijinxiandaihua,2035nianjibenshixianxiandaihua,2050nianquanmianjianchengfuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo;mingquejianchichuangxinzaixiandaihuajianshequanjuzhongdehexindiwei;yigoujianxiandaihuajingjitixizuoweikaiqixiandaihuadetupokou;mingquegongyehua、xinxihua、xinxingchengzhenhuahenongyexiandaihua“sihua”tongbudexiandaihuayaoqiu;tuchuxiandaihuadeshehuizhuyitezheng,youqituchugongtongfuyuherenyuziranhexiegongsheng。

        fazhangejushejiguominjingjineibuxunhuanyuwaibuxunhuanjixianghuguanxidebuju。gaigekaifanghou,duiwaikaifangchengweiyixiangchangqijibenguoce。tongchouguoneifazhanheduiwaikaifangchengweizhongguojingjixuefazhanlilunchuangxindezhongyaofangmian。mianduishijiebainianweiyouzhidabianju,xingchengyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangejushixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangduizhongguojingjifazhanlilundezhongdagongxian。qituidongdezhongguojingjixuechuangxinzhuyaotixianzaiyixiasangefangmian: diyi,xinfazhangejushizaixinfazhanjieduanzhongsuwoguoguojihezuohejingzhengxinyoushidezhanlvejueze,shichangqizhanlve。dier,zaishichangheziyuanliangtouzaiwaideguojidaxunhuandongnengmingxianjianruodetongshi,woguoneixuqianlibuduanshifang,yituoguimochuyushijieqianliedeguoneishichang,zhuazhukuodaneixuzhegezhanlvejidian,shishengchan、fenpei、liutong、xiaofeigengduoyituoguoneishichang,tishenggonggeitixiduiguoneixuqiudeshipeixing,keyixingchengxuqiuqianyingonggei、gonggeichuangzaoxuqiudegenggaoshuipingdedongtaipingheng。disan,xinfazhangejushigenggaoshuipingdeduiwaikaifang,zhuyaobiaoxianzaicanyuguojidaxunhuandejichuyouziyuanbingfudebijiaoyoushizhuanbianweixindebijiaoyoushi,jijingzhengyoushi;kaifangmoshiyouchukoudaoxiangzhuanxiangneixudaoxiang,yituochaodaguimodeguoneishichang,yi“jin”cu“chu”;yinjinguowaiziyuanshigengzhongshiyinjinchuangxinyaosu,yinziyinjiyinzhibingju,yituidongkaifangshichuangxin。

        經濟運行理論的重大進展

        zhongguojingjixueduijingjiyunxingdeyanjiu,jujiaoziyuanpeizhifangshihegongqiuguanxidefenxi,guanzhujingjiyunxingxiaolvhegongqiupingheng。gonggeihexuqiushishichangjingjineizaiguanxidelianggejibenfangmian。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangdeyigezhongdagongxian,shimingquegonggeicehexuqiuceshiguanlihediaokonghongguanjingjidelianggejibenshouduan。xuqiuceguanli,zhongzaijiejuezongliangxingwenti,zhuzhongduanqidiaokong;gonggeiceguanli,zhongzaijiejuejiegouxingwenti,zhuzhongjifajingjizengchangdongli,shiguanchangqifazhan。

        gaigekaifanghoudeyiduanshiqinei,shehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhigaigeshijishangshixuqiucedegaige。xiangyingdejingjiyunxinglilunchuangxinzhuyaobiaoxianzai: guanyushichangdiaojiejiqidaidongdegongqiujizhidefenxi,chengweijingjiyunxingfenxidezhuyaoneirong;shichangdaoxiangdejingjixiaolvchengweiweiguanjingjiyunxingfenxidemubiao;hongguanguanlizhuanxiangxuqiuguanli,zhongshixiaofei、touzi、chukousanjiamachexiediaoladong,tuchukuodaxiaofeixuqiudezhongyaodiwei,xiangyingtuidonglezhongguojingjixueduicaizhenghehuobizhengcecongxuqiufangdiaokongzongliangjunhengdeyanjiuheshijian。

        jinruxinshidai,weiyouxiaojiejuejingjiyunxingdexiaolvhegonggeizhiliang,xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangtichulegonggeicejiegouxinggaigesilu,weijingjiyunxingfenxikaituolexinjingjie,zhuyaoshejiyixiajingjixuelilunchuangxin。

        diyi,tigaogonggeitixidezhilianghexiaolv。woguogonggeitixichannengshifenqiangda,dandaduoshuzhinengmanzuzhongdiduan、dizhiliang、dijiagedexuqiu。duici,gonggeicejiegouxinggaigegengweiguanzhuyouhuaxianyoushengchanyaosupeizhihezuhe,tigaoshengchanyaosuliyongshuiping,cujinquanyaosushengchanlvtigao,buduanzengqiangjingjineishengzengchangdongli。gonggeicejiegouxinggaigecong“jiajianchengchu”farushoudiaozhenggonggeicejiegou。jiafajiushifaxianhepeiyuxinzengchangdian;jianfajiushiyasuoluohouchanneng、huajiechannengguosheng;chengfajiushiquanmiantuijinkeji、guanli、shichang、shangyemoshichuangxin;chufajiushikuodafenzi、suoxiaofenmu,tigaolaodongshengchanlvhezibenhuibaolv。zhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiangechengweitigaoquanyaosushengchanlvdejibentujing。

        dier,zhongzaijilishichangzhuti,peiyufazhanxindongneng。jiujilishichangzhutilaishuo,yuxuqiucetuchuyoushenglietaideshichangxuanzebutong,gonggeicetuchujifaqihuoli,nulijiangdiqiyeshui、fei、lixiheshehuifudan,zhulibaohuqiyejiacaichan,jiliqiyejiajingshen。jiupeiyufazhanxindongnenglaishuo,jijindingjingjifazhanxinjieduan、kejifazhanxinqianyan,haobudongyaobafazhanxindongnengzuoweidazaojingzhengxinyoushidezhongyaozhuashou,youjiandingbuyidibapochujiudongnengzuoweizengtianfazhanxindongneng、houzhizhengtishilidezhongyaoneirong,jijidazaoxindejingjizengchangji。suoyaopeiyudexindongnengzhuyaoshejizhonggaoduanxiaofei、chuangxinyinling、lvseditan、gongxiangjingji、xiandaigongyinglianherenlizibenfuwudenglingyu。

        disan,jinrongchuangxinfuwushitijingji。jinrongshixiandaijingjidehexin,jinrongqiangzejingjiqiang,jinronghuozejingjihuo。jinrongchuangxinyugonggeicejiegouxinggaigejiehejinxingtuidonglejingjiyunxinglilundechuangxin。biru,zhendui“tuoshixiangxu”,qiangdiaojinrongfuwushitijingji;zhenduiqiyede“gaoganggan”,tichugaigetourongzitizhi,fazhanduocengcizhijierongzideziyaboguanwangchang,weiqiyecanyuziyaboguanwangchangyunxingtigonggengduogongju;jianjueshouzhubufashengxitongxingjinrongfengxiandedixian,jianquanjinrongjianguantixi,jianquanhuobizhengcehehongguanshenshenzhengceshuangzhizhudiaokongkuangjia。

        disi,gonggeicediaojiexuyaoxuqiucediaojiedepeihe。erzhebushifeicijibi、yiquyicundetidaiguanxi,ershixianghupeihe、xiediaotuijindeguanxi。liru,jingjifazhanmianlinxuqiubuzuhejingjixiaxingyalishicaiqudewendingjingjidecuoshi,baohanzhucijixuqiuyouqishicijiminjiantouzideneirong。xinfazhangejusuoyaoqiudeyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhutiyexuyaoyouzugoudeshichangxuqiu。gonggeicejiegouxinggaigeyuxuqiucegaigexiangpeihe,tixiandiaokongdechangqimubiaoheduanqimubiaodeyoujijiehe。


laiyuan: 《guangmingribao》